Short read: Sindhu > Hindus > Indhus > Indos > Indus > India
In light of recent “India and Bharat” distinction, I sort of got confused. Don’t they mean the same thing? But given in the land where every name has a meaning, I wondered what does India mean (assuming we all know that Bharat comes Raja Bharat who used to rule a bigger chunk of current India)
The Curious Case of India
Me: So, where does the word India come from?
Google: Pretty simple – right from the river Indus.
Me: Ok smarty search, now where does the word “Indus” come from?
Google: “your search did not match any documents”
.. For the unindexed, Indus is a derivative of the group of rivers flowing through erstwhile west India (the irony always amuses me)
like Nolan, lets trace its roots
India Begins – A Story of Hindustan and Bharat
Now back in the days when Sanskrit was the de facto language, this big group of rivers flowing through erstwhile west India was known as “Sapt-Sindhu” – which means seven rivers in Sanskrit – Indus and its tributaries – Sutlej, Jhelum, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and the now extinct Saraswati.
The people/culture/civilization living around Sindhu came to be known as “Sindhu”. The Persian traders started pronouncing it “Hindus”. The land of “Hindus” hence came to be known as Hindustan. So the people living in India before mughals were knows as Hindus or Hindustani. Which inherently means that “hindu” is actually another name for the people leaving in India and has got nothing to do with religion. After all, none of the religious texts in India call the people as “hindus”. This reminds me of the famous lines by Muhammad Iqbal:
“mażhab nahīñ sikhātā āpas meñ bair rakhnāhindī haiñ ham, vatan hai hindostāñ hamārā”
It’s all Greek and Roman
The early European traders picked up “Hindus” from asian merchants, esp persians. The greeks simplified the name further by calling it “Indos”, and then some bright greek scholar thought of substituting the “o” with ‘u”… and thus the name Indus was born. The Romans picked up the name and land of “Indus” came to be known as “India”.
Guess then I am a Hindu from the Bharat of India
Smit Gade sent me this wonderful resource - IdeasforIndia.in. Not an ideal thing to do on Sunday evening, but have not been able to control myself since have scanned it...
It has all the who's who as editors and contributors..
Its chief editor Ashok Kotwal writes he wants to build it bigger than existing webportals like voxeu etc.
tung tung da sound bajda…
rural olympics, tractors, folk singers, tractor sounds, bullet thump, and all the sounds under the sun….
Which is the most iconic sketch on Gandhi? Not the Nehru clan – Mahatma Gandhi. Chances are you either remember the sketch on dandi march or the one we used to see on DD. Am still trying to figure who to be credited for the DD sketch – i somehow (read through propreitary internet search technique) found who drew the dandi sketch. In addition to the “gandhi-walking-towards-dandi” sketch, Nandala Bose (or Basu??) was a teacher, principal at Shantiniketan and a wonderful artist. Along with his disciples, he designed the constitution of India (designed – not drafted). Or rather provided illustrations, calligraphy and border art for the constitution of Republic of India. More details on art on the constitution in later posts. But as for now – some of Nandlal’s art:
Nandlal Bose, Artist, 1882 – 1996
Also Nandalāla Basu
A gifted and lyrical draftsman, Bose was a highly creative and intellectual artist and teacher whose work never remained static. Throughout his long career he explored a variety of styles and diverse mediums that captured his poetic—almost religious—vision of nature.
Nandlal Bose was born in 1882 in Bihar. He studied at the Calcutta Government College of Art under Abanindranath Tagore between 1905-10. He taught at the Indian School of Oriental Art and was principal at Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan between 1922-51.
Since 1911, Bose has exhibited in several national and international exhibitions
Two of the most controversial entities in India have decided to part ways. Or atleast one of them is thinking so. “why” is anyone’s guess.
Came across vintage airline posters on India. While most of them stick to elephant, TWA had beautifully used an indian lady for one of the posters. thumbs up to TWA. AirFrace seemed bit modern-art types. British Airways or erstwhile Imperial Airways used temples, forts and “6-day” London to India via Egypt posters.
In addition there are few AirIndia posters. Most of them belong to the golden era of 50s and 60s – under the art direction of J. B. Cowasji, Air India Design Studio, Bombay. They are simple yet powerful. AirIndia needs to bring back “The Maharaja” and maintain an international identity.